Image: Bernadette M. Mach and Daniel A. Potter, University of Kentucky
Bees are critical members of the ecosystem: 75 percent of leading food crops have some level of dependency on pollinators. However, native bee populations are struggling because of loss of habitat and food, often caused by urban and suburban development. The good news is that a single tree or shrub can produce thousands of flowers with high-quality pollen and nectar, providing bees with the protein and carbohydrates they need to thrive.
Many resources encourage homeowners and land care managers to create bee-friendly environments, but most of them include lists of recommended plants rarely backed by science. To rectify this, Dr. Daniel Potter surveyed 72 native and non-native woody plant species in 5 sample sites throughout the Ohio Valley region to document which species attract which bees. His findings, which he summarizes in the webcast “Woody Plants for Urban Bee Conservation”, include the following:
• Both native and non-native plants attract diverse communities of bees, and non-native plants can extend the flowering season.
• Flower form matters. Plants that are horticulturally modified for aesthetic reasons, such as flowers with double petals, don’t attract bees.
• Many of the best bee-magnet plants are pest free, which is attractive to homeowners.
Potter ends his presentation with a list of the best woody plants and recommendations for building a bee-friendly landscape. He suggests planting a variety of trees and shrubs that bloom at different times of the growing season – such as a cornelian cherry dogwood that blooms in the early spring, a bottlebrush buckeye for the summer season, and a seven sons flower tree for the autumn – to provide crucial floral resources through the winter. Other recommendations can be found in the webcast.
This 19-minute webcast is part of a module in the new Pollinators Hub on the Plant Management Network (PMN). The module includes a webcast, summary webcast, podcast, slide set, and study guide. PMN is a cooperative, not-for-profit resource for the applied agricultural and horticultural sciences.
Reprinted and slightly edited from American Phytopathological Society news release.